It was in 2008 that the first edition of ‘Seven Wonders - Suffolk’s Ancient Sites : a Vision of an Arcane Landscape’ was first published. Ten years later, why the need for an update ?
There were many reasons behind the need for an updated version, one example was the story behind an image to support the Star Ground Correlation Theory from Egypt. I discovered many years after publication an amazing European equivalent, published as a Phd thesis to underpin the concept when considering some of the ancient earthworks and woodlands featured, one these being on the highest point in Suffolk.
More importantly in 2016 the Orion Correlation Theory discovered by Bauval & Gilbert (1994) was scientifically validated in a peer reviewed journal, Archaeological Discovery by Orofino, V. and Bernardini, P (2016, 4, 1-10) validating the mathematical claims that the pyramids at the Giza plateau beside the river Nile mirror the stars in the constellation of Orion’s belt and the Milky Way.
OLD ILLUSTRATION FIG.25 P.53
Whilst some people still prefer instead to align themselves with Andrew Collins and the constellation of Cygnus, in that the pyramids at Giza were designed to mirror the setting primary wing stars of the swan in the constellation of Cygnus, and not Orion, the fact is these ‘sky ground correlation’ examples relate to a country that lies between the African and Asian continents, therefore if an interesting strong example arose from a European context this would be far more preferable.
I discovered such an example from the Netherlands that was published in 2004 as a Phd thesis and it was only whilst researching A Ritual Landscape Considered : Cosmography and Anglo Saxon Ship Burials that I came across it in 2014, ten years after was published, and six years after Seven Wonders was completed. Since this time I have been fortunate enough to be in regular correspondence with Dr Linda Therkorn, who in 2014 senior researcher in the Faculty of Humanities, Archaeology rom the University of Amsterdam.
Therkorn documented a landscape of the sky dating from between 600 BC – 350 AD and found that settlement formations revealed deposits in burial pits that related large scale patterns that formed shapes that represented the stars, creating recognizable patterns of the constellations .
Throughout the 69 shallow and deep pits excavated inhabitants over centuries maintained a designated ritual practice and long standing tradition of depositing leaves, wood, twigs, pots, rope, bundles of bones, animals and humans.
Analysis of the pits revealed that the deposits had a direct symbolic association, by that I mean they represented and mirrored on the ground their celestial counterpart i.e. a horse’s hoof / foot / bone buried to mark the hoof of the constellation Horse/Pegasus or part of a cows skull buried in the spot to represent the head of the constellation Taurus.
A second reason was the need to mention Gobekli Tepi. At least twenty stone temples and arguably the worlds oldest megaliths known to date at 6,000 years older than stonehenge. German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt led a team between 1995 until his death in 2014 unearthing T-shaped pillars up to 6m (20 ft) in height weighing as much as 20 tons. Fitted into sockets hewn out of the bedrock the site was abandoned and deliberately buried in 7370 BC having been in use since 9130 BC.
‘Each time a geometrical form is produced, an expression of the universal oneness is made. It is at once unique in time and place and also timeless and transcendent, representing the particular and the universal.’ (Pennick, 1994).